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Union territory Jammu Kashmir ; Heaven of the earth
Jammu and Kashmir located to the North of Indian states of Himachal Pradesh ,Punjab and to the West of Ladakh, administrated by India as a union territory.
- Capital : Srinagar ( May – October) , Jammu ( November – April )
- Union territory : 31 October 2019
- Lieutenant governor : Manoj Sinha
- Number of districts : 20
- Member of Legislative Assembly : 114
- Rajya Sabha seats : 04
- Lok Sabha seats : 05
- Official language : Hindi, English, Urdu, Kashmiri and Dogri
Symbols of Jammu and Kashmir
- Mammal : Kashmir stag
- Bird : Black naked crane
- Fish : Golden Mahseer
- Flower : Common Rhododendron
- Tree : Chinar
Important parks and wild life sanctuaries of Jammu and Kashmir :
- Dachigam National Park
- Salim Ali National Park
- Kazinag National Park
- Hemis National Park
- Kishtwar National Park
- High Altitude National Park
- Gulmarg Biosphere Reserve
- Jasrota wildlife Sanctuary
- Nandani Wildlife sanctuary
- Overa wildlife Sanctuary
- Ramnagar Surinsar Mansar
Important dances of Jammu and Kashmir :
- Folk dance
- Kuda dance
- Dumbhal dance
- Rouf dance
- Bhand pather
- Bacha Nagma
- Wuegi – Nachun
Important festivals of Jammu and Kashmir :
- Gurez festival
- Shikara festival
- Tulip festival
- Hemis festival
- Eid ul Azha and Eid ul Fitr
General facts of Jammu and Kashmir
Srinagar was founded by Emperor Ashoka.
The Pir Panjal railway tunnel, or the Banihal railway tunnel, is India’s longest railway tunnel.
Kashmir is largest producer of Saffron in India and third largest producer in the world.
Indira Gandhi Tulip Garden is the largest Tulip garden in Asia.
Wular lake is one of the largest fresh water lake in Asia.
Gulmarg Gondola is one of the largest and highest ropeways in India .
Vaishno Devi temple in Katra, awarded as cleanest religious place award.
The Jhelum river is the only major Himalayan river which flows through the Kashmir valley.
Shrinagar in Kashmir valley is termed as Summer capital.
Amarnath cave in Jammu and Kashmir has natural shiv lingam made of ice.
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