Jallianwala Bagh Massacre

Jallianwala Bagh Massacre

Jallianwala Bagh Massacre ,102 year of this hilarious event

Jallianwala Bagh Massacre

Jallianwala Bagh Massacre took place on 13 April 1919 at Amritsar and is also known as Amritsar Massacre.

On this day, British troops under the command of General Dyer fired on a large crowd of unarmed Indians in Amritsar in Punjab of India.

Key points :

  • On this day , many villagers gathered in the Bagh to celebrate the important Hindu and Sikh festival of Baisakhi and peacefully protest the arrest and deportation of two national leaders. ( Satya Pal Saifuddin Kitchlew )
  • Dyer and his soldiers arrived and sealed off the exist. Without warning, the troops opened fire on the crowd, reportedly shooting hundreds of rounds until they ran out of ammunition.
  • The firing continued to 10-15 minutes. 1650 rounds were fired.
  • There were no official data on the number of death during the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre.
  • On the official enquiry of the British revealed that there were 379 people died.
  • Indian National congress quoted more than 1000 people died and more than 1,500 injured in the massacre.
  • Britain never formally apologised for the massacre but expressed ” regret ” in 2019.
  • In March 2019, the ” Yad -e- Jallian ” Museum was inaugurated showcasing an authentic account of the massacre.
  • The Jallianwala Bagh site in Amritsar is now a national monument.

After the incident

  • The Bengali poet and Nobel laureate Rabindranath Tagore renounced the Knighthood that he had received in 1915.
  • Gandhi soon began organizing his first large scale Non – Cooperation movement of 1920 – 22.
  • Two days after the massacre, Martial Law was imposed on five districts – Lahore, Amritsar, Gujranwala, Gujarat and Lyallpore.
  • The government of India ordered an investigation of the incident, which in 1920 censured Dyer for his actions and ordered him to resign from the military.

About General Dyer :

  • Colonel Reginald Edward Harry Dyer was an officer of the Bengal Army.
  • Nickname : The Butcher of Amritsar
  • Born : 9 October, 1864
  • Died : 23 July, 1927
Jallianwala Bagh Massacre
Reference : https://www.britannica.com/event/Jallianwala-Bagh-Massacre

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